Cervical Cancer Prevention

abril 18, 2022 Agustin No comments exist

In this video Dr. Sameera Aluri, Sr. Obstetrician and Gynecologist and Sonologist share her views on Cervical Cancer Prevention. On the occasion of International Womens Day, the Doctor says that, Cervix is the front door of the uterus, and Cancer developed at this location is called Cervical Cancer. Approximately 80 percent of Cervical Cancer is caused by Human Papillomavirus (HPV), and it is a sexually transmitted infection.

Who are at risk of Cervical Cancer
• Early mothers
• Women with Multiple Sexual Partners
• Women who went through Multiple Pregnancies
• Women with Abortions and Miscarriages
• HIV Infected
• Smokers
• Low immunity
• Unhygienic individuals

The World Health Organization (WHO) has proposed eliminating cervical Cancer by 2030, and this mission will be carried out with three preventive methodologies.

1. Vaccination
WHO aims to vaccinate 90 percent of women with the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine by the age of 15.
2. Screening
By 2030, 70 percent of women will be screened using a high-performance test.
3. Treatment
They also aim to treat 90 percent of women identified with Cervical Cancer.
Screening Strategy
Remote Zones

A new screening strategy is used in remote areas where healthcare facilities are limited. With the help of Public Health Programs, two chemicals named Acetic acid, Lugol’s Iodine are applied to the outer part of the uterus to see any visual changes like color.

This test is called Visual Inspection with Acetic Acid (VIA) or Visual Inspection with Lugol’s Iodine (VILI). According to the results of the tests, treatment is mandated with vaccination or other practices.
Urban Zones

In Urban areas where healthcare facilities are available, a Pap Smear test is advised. It is an old but effective method where cells from the surface of the cervix are removed using a small brush and are checked under a microscope for Cervical Cancer.

Liquid-Based Cytology (LBC) is a modern method where the collected cells are rinsed with chemical liquids to test for cervical cancer and advised for Human Papillomavirus (HPV) DNA Test.

If the LBC and HPV DNA Test result is normal, the individual is advised to undergo screening every five years up to 30 to 65 years of age. But if there are changes in Pap Smear or (HPV) DNA Test, they are prescribed a Colposcopy Test.

If the Colposcopy test shows abnormalities, the individual is advised to take biopsy tests like Cervical Biopsy and Vaginal Biopsy. The individual undergoes Excision Biopsy if they have extreme abnormalities in the test results.

The Final Word

Cervical Cancer can be prevented entirely with immunization, early detection, and treatment programs. Women are advised to go through regular checkups and gain awareness to help mandate Cervical Cancer for the following years.

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