Causes, treatment and prevention of cervical cancer in Tamil

enero 21, 2023 Agustin No comments exist

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Dr Radhika talks about the «Causes, treatment and prevention of cervical cancer in Tamil» video that will inform the general public

What is cervical cancer?
Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the cervix, the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. It is usually caused by a virus called human papillomavirus (HPV), which is spread through sexual contact. The most common symptoms of cervical cancer include abnormal vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain, and pain during sex. Cervical cancer can often be prevented through regular screenings, such as Pap tests and HPV tests, and through vaccination against HPV. If cervical cancer is caught early, it can often be treated successfully with surgery, radiation therapy, and/or chemotherapy.

Causes of cervical cancer
Cervical cancer is usually caused by a virus called human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a very common virus that is spread through sexual contact. It is estimated that nearly all sexually active people will get HPV at some point in their lives. Most people with HPV do not develop cervical cancer, but certain types of HPV can lead to changes in the cells of the cervix that can eventually lead to cancer. Other factors that may increase the risk of cervical cancer include:

Smoking
Long-term use of oral contraceptives
Having multiple sexual partners
Having a weakened immune system
Having a family history of cervical cancer
Exposure to diethylstilbestrol (DES) in utero.
It is important to note that cervical cancer can take several years, even decades, to develop after a person is infected with HPV, so regular cervical cancer screenings are crucial for early detection and successful treatment.

When to vaccinate cervical cancer
The HPV vaccine is recommended for both boys and girls at age 11 or 12, but it can be given as early as age 9. The vaccine is also recommended for young women and men up to the age of 26 who have not yet been vaccinated or completed the vaccine series. The vaccine is given in a series of two or three shots, depending on the specific vaccine, with the second shot given one or two months after the first and the third shot given six months after the first.
It is important to note that the vaccine is most effective when given before a person becomes sexually active and potentially exposed to HPV.
It is also recommended for certain groups of people who have a higher risk of cervical cancer or HPV-related diseases, like people with HIV, transplant recipients, and people with certain types of cancer.

It is also important to note that even if a person has been vaccinated, they should still have regular cervical cancer screenings, such as Pap tests and HPV tests, as the vaccine does not protect against all types of HPV and cervical cancer can still develop.

Dr Radhika
Ranga Hospital
Thadagam Road,
Velandipalayam
Coimbatore – 641025

Introduction – 00:00
Cervical cancer vaccine – 00:55
Causes of cervical cancer – 01:58
Strains that cause cervical cancer – 03:00
It’s curable – 04:40
When to Vaccinate – 05:30
Screening Method to identity cervical cancer – 07:55
Conclusion – 10:52

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